What Can You Not Eat in Beijing?
According to the opinions of nutrition experts at home and abroad, there are many misunderstandings in Chinese diet, and the dietary customs in China mainly have the following nine shortcomings.
1. Most Chinese people eat too salty. According to statistics, the per capita salt consumption in the country is more than 10 grams per day, of which the people in the Northeast are the highest, reaching 18 grams. The World Health Organization recommends that salt should be kept below 5 grams a day. Eating too much salt will significantly increase the incidence of hypertension, gastric cancer and other diseases.
2. Chinese people eat too much monosodium glutamate, which increases the intake of sodium, which is harmful to the human body. Therefore, it is appropriate to use chicken essence, mushroom essence and so on instead of monosodium glutamate.
3. Chinese people eat in groups and like to pick up food from each other, which increases the probability of disease transmission.
4. Chinese people like to eat animal offal. There is more cholesterol in animal viscera, and cholesterol is an important factor to induce and aggravate atherosclerosis.
5. Chinese people often use frying, stir-frying, cooking, frying and other methods, like to eat fried vegetables and fried food, which increases the chance of suffering from cancer.
6. Chinese people like to eat high-fat red meat (pig, beef, mutton) and less white meat (fish and chicken, etc.). In recent years, the proportion of Chinese people eating white meat is increasing year by year, which is a good phenomenon.
7. People in many parts of China like to eat pickled foods such as salted fish, bacon and pickles, which not only increases salt intake, but also increases the risk of cancer because pickled foods contain more nitrite.
8. Chinese people like to eat all kinds of stewed meat. However, the spices such as cinnamon, star anise, fennel, clove and pepper added in the production of stewed meat are not only warm and dry, but also have certain mutagenicity and toxicity and are easy to cause cancer because they contain a certain amount of safrole. Therefore, people with colds, fever, inflammatory diseases and chronic liver disease should eat less stewed meat.
9. Chinese people like to give a big feast and treat. People are used to drinking a lot of liquor at banquets, or overeating, or drinking and smoking at the same time, and there is a bad custom of cloth vegetables in some areas. These habits not only cause waste, but also are extremely harmful to health and are easy to cause a variety of diseases.
Dietary Taboos in Beijing
Beijing is the eighth largest “city of gourmet food” in the world, ranking first in the mainland. Beijing’s flavor snacks have a long history, a wide variety, exquisite materials and fine production, which can be called well-known. So what dietary taboos should be paid attention to when traveling to Beijing?
First, chopsticks cannot be inserted into bowls filled with rice when eating, especially if there are people in their 70s and 80s at home. Chopsticks are absolutely not allowed to be inserted in bowls full of rice. This is because in the early years, the family had to put offerings after the dead, in which the “inverted rice” was to insert chopsticks in a bowl full of rice. If you put chopsticks in a bowl of rice, it is the greatest disrespect to the elderly at home.
Second, after eating rice, the bowl should be clean, and there should be no leftover grains of rice on the bowl. Older people often tell young people that there are grains of rice on the bowl and that they will marry a wife with a pockmarked face in the future. In fact, it is to warn young people to develop the good habit of cherishing food and running a family frugally.
Third, when there is not enough rice, you should not say “beg” or “have another bowl”. You should say “have another bowl” or “fill another bowl”, because in the past, old Beijingers called beggars on the streets “beggars.”
Fourth, you can’t chirp your mouth when eating, don’t make a sound when drinking soup, drink gently with a spoon, and don’t pick up a bowl and drink too much. If the sound is too loud, it is regarded as disrespectful and ill-bred to the diners next to you, like a pig eating.
Fifth, it is forbidden to beat the rice bowl with chopsticks. when the food is not served on the table, the children should sit quietly at the table and wait. if any child is not sensible enough to beat the rice bowl with chopsticks, the adults will immediately reprimand: “I don’t accept beggars here.” Because most of the beggars on the street used to beg while knocking on their rice bowls.
Sixth, people cannot chat while eating. Now people often chat while eating, but in the past, old Beijingers were particular about “eating without talking” and “eating without speaking.” especially when large families were sitting together, they were not allowed to talk casually, especially children. Eating is eating. Anyone who speaks casually during a meal will be reprimanded by adults, while those who are serious will be reprimanded by adults with chopsticks.
Seventh, you can’t change seats casually when you eat. You can always sit where you start, and you can’t sit here and there with your rice bowl. Because only the beggars on the street want one house after another, constantly changing their “location”.
Eighth, when eating, if anyone accidentally breaks the rice bowl, dish plate, etc., he should hurriedly say “broken (year after year) peace”, so as to ease the atmosphere and make the one who breaks the plate not embarrassed.
What Should be Paid Attention to in the Special Diet of Beijing?
Beijing is a gourmet capital with a collection of national delicacies, and famous chefs in major restaurants have always been famous for their unique flavor, such as Tan’s cuisine in Beijing Hotel and French Western food in Jianguo Hotel are delicacies that are not easy to enjoy elsewhere. Restaurants on the street are usually cheaper. If you are interested, you can patronize the street shop, and the economical meal tastes good. Of course, the Beijing Roast Duck in the famous Qianmen Quanjude General Store and the Donglaishun Mongolian Hot Pot in Wangfujing Xindongan Market are also delicacies worth tasting. Need to be reminded: Beijing flavor snacks dazzling, enjoy should pay attention to dietary hygiene, do not greedy, gluttonous, overeating.
What Should Beijing Haze Diet Pay Attention to?
Drink plenty of water. Can eat more foods rich in vitamin A, β-carotene, such as carrots, vitamin A can improve and stabilize the human epithelial cell membrane, so as to strengthen the body’s immune system. Once vitamin A deficiency in the human body, it will lead to a decline in the disease resistance of human cells, while the function of the respiratory mucous membrane as a barrier is also weakened. Eat more food that nourishes the lungs and moistens the lungs, such as lotus seeds, lilies, sparerib soup, Tremella soup, duck porridge and so on. Keep warm.
What are the Characteristics of Beijing Food Culture?
First, public catering.
Popular catering Beijingers mainly eat pasta, which may be representative of the northern cities, such as steamed buns, Wotou, twistbread, steamed cakes, lazy dragons, silk cakes, dumplings, sugar triangles, sticky cakes as well as noodles, steamed buns, dumplings and so on.
Second, special catering.
The famous snacks in Beijing are still alive, such as “boiled tripe Feng”, “Sheep’s head Horse”, “New year’s pastry Yang”, “Pie week”, “Cheese Wei”, “Tofu brain White” …. Almost all of them were created by the Hui people. In addition, there are Beijing Roast Duck, Fermented Bean Drink Coke Ring, Source stewed Duck, fried liver, Enema, as well as seasonal pastries, spring cakes, spring rolls and so on.
Third, multi-party convergence.
Huaiyang cuisine, Cantonese cuisine, Sichuan cuisine, Shandong cuisine and other cuisines gather together in Beijing’s catering industry.
Fourth, the characteristics of teahouse.
What is the Main Food in Beijing?
Most people in Beijing mainly eat pasta, and the diversity of pasta is probably representative in northern cities, such as steamed bread, Wotou, twistbread, steamed cake, lazy dragon, silk cake, dumpling, sugar triangle, paste cake, as well as noodles, steamed buns, dumplings and so on.
There are teahouses in old Beijing both inside and outside the capital, and all kinds of teahouses have different forms and functions. Fellow-villager Beijing has many book teahouses. In this kind of teahouse, drinking tea is only a medium, and listening to commentaries is the main content. The book teahouse, which directly connects tea with literature, gives people historical knowledge, and achieves the purpose of leisure and entertainment, which is suitable for both young and old.