Is Shanghai Bigger Than Beijing?
Beijing is even bigger. The administrative area of Shanghai is 6340 square kilometers, while Beijing is 16410 square kilometers. As for the big Shanghai, it is not because its area is larger than that of Beijing, it is just a popular habit of calling it on the Internet.
Shanghai, referred to as “Hu” or “Shen” for short, is the birthplace of the Communist Party of China, a municipality directly under the Central Government of the people’s Republic of China, a national central city, a mega city, and a core city in the Shanghai-Hangzhou-Ningbo area. International economic, financial, trade, shipping, scientific and technological innovation centers, the first batch of coastal open cities. Shanghai, located at the estuary of the Yangtze River, is the leading city of the Yangtze River economic belt, facing Kyushu Island in Japan across the East China Sea, Hangzhou Bay in the south and Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces in the north and west.
Beijing, referred to as “Jing” for short, is the capital, municipality directly under the Central Government, national central city, metropolis, international metropolis, national political center, cultural center, international exchange center, and scientific and technological innovation center of the people’s Republic of China. It is the seat of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, the Central people’s Government of the people’s Republic of China, the National people’s Congress, the National Committee of the Chinese people’s political Consultative Conference and the Central military Commission of the people’s Republic of China. Beijing is located in the north of the North China Plain, backed by Yanshan, adjacent to Tianjin and Hebei Province. The climate of Beijing is a typical semi-humid continental monsoon climate in the north temperate zone. Beijing is the first batch of famous historical and cultural cities in China and the city with the largest number of cultural heritages in the world. As early as 700000 years ago, the primitive tribe “Beijingers” appeared in Zhoukoudian area of Beijing. In 1045 BC, Beijing became the capital of thistle, Yan and other vassal states. Since 938 AD, Beijing has successively become the capital of Liao Dynasty, Jin Zhongdu, Yuan Dynasty, Ming Dynasty and Qing Dynasty. Became the capital of the people’s Republic of China on October 1, 1949.
In Three Aspects
- 1) if Beijing is large in terms of urban area.
- 2) according to the area of the built-up area, Shanghai and Beijing are equivalent.
- 3) according to the degree of prosperity in the built area, Shanghai is high.
- 1) the area of Beijing is larger than that of Shanghai, and this ordinary person can’t feel it, even the locals of Beijing and Shanghai can’t feel it, and no one will wander around the various districts of Beijing and Shanghai. Only surveying and mapping maps can feel that Beijing is bigger than Shanghai.
- 2) according to the standards of the Ministry of Housing and Construction, the built areas of Beijing and Shanghai are basically the same. Locals in Beijing and Shanghai can feel this big, and they can feel the time of commuting to and from work every day.
- 3) because the built-up area of Shanghai is more prosperous than Beijing, if the built-up area is according to the same standard, then Shanghai is much larger than Beijing, and many of the built-up areas of Beijing are rural areas according to the Shanghai standard. The activities of tourists are concentrated in downtown areas, foreign tourists will think that Shanghai is bigger than Beijing, so there is a big Shanghai.
Beijing is located on the plain southeast of the confluence of the Taihang Mountains and Yanshan Mountains. Shijingshan, Haidian, Mentougou and Fangshan to the west of Beijing, Changping, Yanqing and Huairou to the north, Miyun and Pinggu to the east are all high mountains. The plain area that Beijing can develop is only about 6300 square kilometers, which is similar to that of Shanghai, which is 6340 square kilometers. Almost all of Shanghai is plain. Mentougou District has a population of only 310000, and most of them live in Mentougou City near the West sixth Ring Road (Mencheng for short), and there are only a handful of people living in the mountains. The population of Dongcheng District and Xicheng District is already more than 2 million. Some farmers living in the rural areas of the mountainous areas of Beijing, although they have a Beijing hukou in their hands, they have never walked out of the mountains and have never been to Beijing all their lives.
These villages are more than 120 kilometers away from Beijing in a straight line, and they are all winding mountain roads. It takes four hours to get to the county seat without traffic jams by bus (in fact, certain sections of the road can make you doubt your life). Take another hour by subway to enter Beijing. And there are not buses everywhere. In some villages, the hillsides are so steep that they can’t even drive cars. When it comes to landslides, landslides and other disasters, the residents in the mountains are completely isolated from the rest of the world. The picture shows a landslide in Daanshan Township, Fangshan District, Beijing, with huge clods slipping off the hillside. If the inspectors hadn’t sealed the section of the road in time, all the people in the bus would have died if the dirt had been photographed on the bus.
In Shanghai, many people are still worried about the city’s overpopulation density and overpopulation. In terms of cities, the population density of Shanghai is already the lowest among the first-tier cities. The population density of Shanghai is actually the lowest among the first-tier cities: the area of Shenzhen is narrow, both sensory and actual population density is the highest. Beijing’s population is only 10% smaller than that of Shanghai, but the actual built area is 20% smaller; the population ratio of Guangzhou to Shanghai is 1400pm 2400, and the built area is 1700ppm 3200. The built area of Shanghai has exceeded 3200 square kilometers, with a population of 24 million. Is this population density large?
There are often several “preconceived” understandings about the population of Beijing, the resident population and the population density of Beijing-but these understandings are not necessarily correct:
Beijing has too much population density. There are too many people in the center of Beijing. The more people go to the suburbs, the fewer people there are. The suburbs of Beijing are very large, but the resident population is not large, so we can evacuate the population to the suburbs.
However, with regard to the resident population density in Beijing, a surprising fact is that the resident population density in the center of Beijing (the functional core area of the capital) is not large, and the place with the highest resident population density in Beijing is no longer in the city center. By the same token, the place with the greatest population pressure in Beijing is not in the center of the city.
A simple situation is that the resident population density in the core areas of Chaoyang District, Haidian District and Fengtai District in Beijing is higher than that in Dongcheng District and Xicheng District. Just because there are many rural areas in Chaoyang District, Haidian District and Fengtai District, the population density is very low, which lowers the population density of the whole district. The reason for the low resident population density in the functional core areas of the capital (Dongcheng District and Xicheng District) is also very clear: there are many administrative units, cultural monuments and commercial districts, all of which do not account for the resident population.